Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-adha:
Are they Muslim or pagan feasts?
Are they Muslim or pagan feasts?
May God forgive me and guide me regarding anything that would have been misinterpreted in this study and elsewhere. May He always guide us to a better understanding of His profound scripture so we can purify ourselves and increase our knowledge.
The feasts and prayers of Eid al-Fitr (marking the end of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (the feast of sacrifice) are not mentioned in the Quran fully detailed (7:52, 6:114, 10:37) and originate from hadiths, which the Quran condemns and forbids by name (7:185, 12:111, 31:6, 45:6, 77:50).
They contradict the teachings of the Quran at several levels, which we are going to study. It is essential for the Muslims to come to realize that they have been misled by corrupt teachings and religious authorities, and in this particular case that the ‘Eid prayers are pagan rituals that should have no part in the life of a Muslim.
Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر = Feast of Fasting) is the prayer and festival that celebrates the end of the month of Ramadan on the first day of the month of Chawwal in Sunni and Shia Islam.
Eid al-Adha (عيد الأضحى = Feast of Sacrifice) is the prayer and feast associated with the completion of the hajj according to Sunni and Shia dates (8th to 12th of dhul hijjah, the 12th lunar month). It is celebrated worldwide on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah between sunrise and sunset. It is considered the holiest of the two Eid celebrations, and commemorates Abraham's acceptance to sacrifice his son Ishmael, symbolizing the ultimate act of submission to God's command.
2. The word ‘eid in the Quran
The word “’eid” (عيد) signifies “feast” or “ever recurring feast” because the root “‘âda” (عاد) means “to return”, “come back”, “repeat”, carrying the idea of repetition.
Neither of the two Eid prayer rituals or feasts are mentioned in the Qur'an fully detailed (7:52, 6: 114, 10:37). The word “eid” occurs only once in the Quranic text and refers to the “feast” which God sent down from heaven for Jesus and his apostles (5:114). The disciples still harbored doubts that Jesus was the Messiah, despite the countless miracles which they had personally witnessed, and wanted a final miracle to reassure their hearts:
قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَائِدَةً مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ
تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيدًا لِّأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِّنكَ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ
(5:114) Jesus, son of Mary said, “Allahumma (O God) our Lord! Descend from the sky a table (with a banquet) to be a feast (عيدا) for the first and the last of us and a sign from You. Dispense to us [Your blessings], You are the best of dispensers.
Since neither ‘Eid al-Fitr nor ‘Eid al-Adha are mentioned in the Holy Qur'an, it is important to understand where they originate from.
3. The Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha originate from hadiths
Sunan an-Nasa'i 1556, Book 19, Hadith 1
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik said:
“The people of the Jahiliyyah had two days each year when they would play. When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) came to Al-Madinah he said: 'You had two days when you would play, but Allah (PBUH) has given Muslims something instead that is better than them: the day of Al-Fitr and the day of Al-Adha.'”
Ibn Majah, book 5, Hadith 1117
“The prayer when traveling is two Rak’ah, and Friday is two Rak’ah, and Al-Fitr and Al-Adha are two Rak’ah, complete, not shortened, as told by Muhammad”
Ibn Majah, Book 5, Hadith 1339
It was narrated from ‘Aishah that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said the Takbir seven and five times in (the prayer for ‘Eid) Fitr and Adha, apart from the Takbir for Ruku’ (bowing).
Jami` at-Tirmidhi, Book 8, Hadith 121
The Messenger of Allah said: "Al-Fitr is the day that the people break the fast, and Al-Adha is the day that the people sacrifice."
Sahih Muslim Book 13, Hadith 17
Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) forbade fasting on these two days. 'Id-ul-Adha and 'Id-ul-Fitr.
Sunan Ibn Majah, Book 8, Hadith 45
It was narrated that: Ibn Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) enjoined Zakatul-Fitr (the zakât paid at the end of Ramadan) as a purification for the fasting person from idle talk and obscenities, and to feed the poor. Whoever pays it before the (Eid) prayer, it is an accepted Zakah, and whoever pays it after the prayer, it is (ordinary) charity.”
4. Hadiths regarding the feasts of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha contradict the Quran
According to hadiths, the feasts of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha came to replace two pagan festivals at the time of the Jâhiliyyah (the age of ignorance before the advent of the Quran) that used to take place in Medina (Sunan an-Nasa'i 1556, Book 19, Hadith 1). These feasts are not mentioned anywhere in the Qur'an fully detailed (7:52, 6: 114, 10:37), and are based on “hadiths other than God and His verses” which are forbidden by name in the Quran (7:185, 12:111, 31:6, 45:6, 77:50). This alone is enough to prove that they are pagan feasts by definition.
Furthermore, hadiths regarding these two religious feasts contradict the Quran in several ways:
4.1 The Quran decrees four months to perform the hajj, how can the feast of sacrifice take place in the middle of Dhul Hijjah after only 5 days of hajj?
- The Eid al-Adha marks the end of the Sunni and Shia pilgrimage which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah: This contradicts the Qur'an which decrees the pilgrimage for a period of at least three lunar months (not five days!), which coincides with the four sacred months (9:36) that mark the end of the Muslim lunar year (9:28):
الْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ فَمَن فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ
وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ
اللَّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَىٰ وَاتَّقُونِ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ
(2:197) The Hajj shall be observed during the well known months. Therefore, anyone who performs the Hajj during that time shall abstain from any intimate relationship, misconduct and quarreling during the Hajj. And God knows full well any good that you do. And stock up on supplies, but, in reality, the most important thing that you need is righteousness. And fear Me, O you who possess intelligence!
The “well known months” (أَشْهُرٌ مَّعْلُومَاتٌ, regular plural = three entities or more in Arabic) signify by definition that there are at least three lunar months and not five days as decreed by corrupt religious Sunni authorities. This Quranic fact alone shatters the Eid al-Adha prayer and festivities marking the completion of the five days of the Sunni and Shia pilgrimage to Mecca.
إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِندَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذَٰلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلَا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَقَاتِلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ كَافَّةً كَمَا يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ كَافَّةً وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ
(9:36) Indeed, the number of months decreed by God is twelve months, in accordance with the book of God [since] the day He created the heavens and the earth; among them, four are sacred. This is the correct religion. So do not wrong your souls regarding this matter, and fight the idol worshipers in unison, in the same manner as they fight you in unison. And keep in mind that God is on the side of the righteous.
We read in verses 9:1-2 that “God and His messenger” were free from any obligations regarding the covenant previously passed with the polytheists and that the unbelievers were granted a four month grace period or truce (four continuous months) before the hostilities would resume. At the same time, 9:3 declares the opening of the hajj season on “the day of the greatest pilgrimage” (which is the Quranic name for the first day of hajj): In other words, the first three verses describe the opening of the hajj season at the beginning of the four month grace period, and 9:36 indicates that the four months in question coincide with the four sacred months.
The article on this website entitled “the four sacred months of hajj” proves that the four sacred months of hajj are the last four of the lunar year which end with the month of dhoul hijjah. We will not delve into this subject here for the sake of brevity.
Verses quoted and mentioned above prove irrefutably that the hajj lasts four sacred months (2:197, 9:2,-3, 9:32-37); this is enough to expose the Sunni and Shia deception regarding their five day pilgrimage. Such a short pilgrimage based on religious ignorance implies a massive human concentration which we all know causes regularly hundreds or even thousands of deaths.
If there were a feast marking the end of the pilgrimage, it would be at the end of Dhoul Hijjah (the 12th and last month of the lunar year) and not on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, which is almost in the middle of the month.
This is one of many examples which illustrates that hadiths consistently take precedence over the laws of the Quran. This explains why, on the Day of Judgment, the prophet will proclaim:
وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي اتَّخَذُوا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ مَهْجُورًا
(25:30) The Messenger will say, “O My Lord, In truth my people treated this Quran as if it were forsaken.”
4.2 The annual feast of sacrifice impoverishes millions of people who can’t afford it throughout the world, while the Quran allows pilgrims who perform the hajj not to sacrifice an animal if they can’t afford it
- A sacrifice is decreed during the hajj for those who can afford it (2:196), while those who can’t have to “fast three days during the hajj, and seven days when they are back home” (2:196). Not only is there is no Quranic ritual or command to sacrifice an animal during a so-called “Eid al-Adha”, we can see that even those who perform the pilgrimage can abstain from the sacrifice if they lack the financial means. The pagan sacrifice of Eid al-Adha compels millions of often poor people around the globe to sacrifice animals every year and pure Islam based on the Quran would never put such a burden upon people.
4.3 The Eid al-fitr and Eid al-adha prayers imply pagan prayer rituals that are not even mentioned in the Quran fully detailed
- The most important thing if you want to stay away from idol worship is not to take part in any of the ritual prayers of the Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha, simply because they have no Quranic basis: Those ritual prayers include a series of recitation of seven and five takbirs respectively (Ibn Majah, Book 5, Hadith 1117), except in the bowing position, and hadiths also claim that it is forbidden to fast on those days. Such rituals or prohibitions do not appear anywhere in the Quran, and, for that reason, are complete fabrications. This makes the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha ritual prayers pagan rituals. Furthermore, people who happen to perform the hajj between the 8th and 12th of dhul Hijjah and can’t afford to sacrifice an animal must fast three days during the hajj and seven when they are back home according to the Holy Quran (2:196), which contradicts the hadith prohibition (Sahih Muslim Book 13, Hadith 17) not to fast on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.
4.4 The Quran commands us to pay the zakât on the day of harvest and not at the end of the month of Ramadan
- Sunnis pay their zakât at the end of the month of Ramadan before the Eid al-Fitr prayer in compliance with hadith number 45, book 8 by Ibn Majah. The Quran, however, decrees that the zakât must be paid on the day of harvest (6:147), which implies a seasonal cycle (solar cycle) for farmers and the time when one collects his or her wages in general (see article “zakât”). Paying your zakât on a day that is decreed by “hadiths other than God and His verses” (45:6) and contradicts the Quran amounts to following pagan laws instead of the law of God.
I understand that this article may cause a lot of surprise and disappointment for many Muslims who had no idea that the ‘Eid al-Fitr (Feast marking the end of Ramadan) and ‘Eid al-Adha (feast of sacrifice) have strictly nothing to do with Islam. I also understand that this will pose serious problems for all those who are part of Sunni or Shia families, because of the critical importance given to such pagan holidays.
Islam is not a religion that prohibits people to celebrate and it is not forbidden to attend a birthday, wedding or anything else, unless it is connected in any way to a pagan heritage (Halloween, Christmas, Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Valentine's Day, etc…). It is not forbidden to attend a party to mark the end of the month of Ramadan because everyone is very happy to have completed such a long period of fasting. On the other hand, turning it into a religious feast, historically inspired by pagan festivals if we rely on the account of hadiths, and which implies to go to the mosque to engage in hadiths inspired prayer rituals (with seven and five takbirs respectively for the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) that are not decreed by the Qur'an, makes you complicit to an idolatrous agenda. If you are aware that the ‘eid prayers have nothing to do with Islam and still go to the mosque, it will show that you fear the gaze of others more than you fear God. As for the ‘Eid al-Adha, the fact that the Quran decrees four sacred lunar months to perform the hajj (2:197, 9:2,-3, 9:32-37) makes it strictly impossible to celebrate the end of the hajj after only five days (!) and the 10th of Dhul Hijjah falls roughly in the middle of the month, not at the end. This is what you call a problem that cannot be solved. But the truth is: Most people do not really care about the Quran, or if they claim they do, it is just lip service. The overwhelming majority of people who read this article will prefer to continue to follow blindly what their parents or imams taught them and could not care less if it contradicts the laws of the Holy Quran.
May Allah protect us from following “hadiths other than God and His verses” (45:6) and from the peer pressure associated with such fabricated rules and rituals.